Geography of Shillong
Shillong is located is on the Shillong Plateau, the only major structure in north-east India. The city lies right in the centre of the plateau and is bordered by hills, three of which are revered in Khasi tradition: Lum Diengiei, Lum Shillong and Lum Sohpetbneng . Shillong is believed to be the second largest hill station in the world after Brasilia.
The city also spread northward to Umsning River and exends eastwards, and divided between Umkhrah and Umshirpi River.
The city has extended towards the north on the Guwahati-Shillong road and south-west on Cheerapunji road and north-eat on the NEHuU campus at Malwai Areas.The new Shillong has develored on the eastern side of Shillong. The settlements are distributed over GSPA area but the major concentration of population is in SUA (Shillong Urban agglomeration) area which is almost 80%.
In Shillong Municipal Board hardly any population variation is seen from 1991 to 2001. Increase is significant population increase is seen in Nongthymmai, Pynthorumkhrah and Mawlai.
Climate in Shillong
Facts on ShillongDistrict: East Khasi Hills
Population: 132,867 (2001)
Coordinates of Shillong: 25.5667° N, 91.8833° E
Male Literacy is 85%, and Female literacy is 92.34%
Mjaor Communities: Khasis, Jaintias, Bengalis, Assamese and Biharis